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Background: Development of Science in Russia is currently in urgent need of a thorough support from the state. Fundamental researches create ground for detalisation of innovative ideas and bring them closer through applied research to their developments and implementation. Under existing conditions, special relevance is acquired by development of tools for assessment of additional effects of financing innovative development. Aim: The purpose of this study is to assess the impact on the national economy of the costs on innovative development of companies. To assess the influence of expenses for innovative development on the national economy, the index of innovation support for the national economy ISNE is suggested to be used. It is suggested to consider relevant for calculation those expenses of the companies, that work on development independently or with the help of national knowledge generation sector and higher education.

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Background: Development of Science in Russia is currently in urgent need of a thorough support from the state. Fundamental researches create ground for detalisation of innovative ideas and bring them closer through applied research to their developments and implementation. Under existing conditions, special relevance is acquired by development of tools for assessment of additional effects of financing innovative development. Aim: The purpose of this study is to assess the impact on the national economy of the costs on innovative development of companies.

To assess the influence of expenses for innovative development on the national economy, the index of innovation support for the national economy ISNE is suggested to be used. It is suggested to consider relevant for calculation those expenses of the companies, that work on development independently or with the help of national knowledge generation sector and higher education.

These expenses are for:. All other expenses at this stage are suggested to be deemed as irrelevant. The factor can be calculated for each company-resident, irrespective of type of activity and field of scientific researches for ID purposes. Conclusion: For companies that investing considerably in scientific and technical, innovative development, the increase of ISNE can be an additional incentive with governmental support , will help in drawing attention to existing potential of the Russian science, save and multiply number of scientific schools, maintain high quality of scientific development and their effectiveness.

In the conditions of external and internal crisis phenomena the necessity of advanced growth, qualitative economic development acquires special importance. It is possible to ensure the sustainability and development of the country's economy only if resources are invested in relevant scientific research. In addition, the qualitative level of conducted research aimed at obtaining a specific result that can make a significant contribution to accelerating the withdrawal of the Russian economy from the stage of stagnation, which, according to the report at the Moscow Academic Economic Forum MAEF by A.

Aganbegyan, has been in place since [2]. Today, the consequences of the current destructive trend of loss of scientific schools are underestimated, the preservation and development of which, as a mechanism for the creation and dissemination of knowledge, is an essential condition for ensuring high quality and depth of research, increasing its effectiveness through the introduction and commercialization.

Fundamental research creates the foundations and prerequisites for the detailing of innovative ideas and brings them closer to development and implementation through applied research. One of the aims of this study is to draw attention to the urgent need for comprehensive governmental support of scientific and technical developments.

Today, companies that are undertaking developments for the purpose of improvement of their business, increase of their competitiveness, enhancement or maintenance of their market share, and entry into new markets are seeking innovative development ID , are faced with the challenge of assessing the cost effectiveness of such developments. Ozhegov's explanatory dictionary defines development as a process of natural change, transition from one state to another, more perfect; transition from the old qualitative state to the new, from the simple to the complex, from the lowest to the highest [3].

In innovative development the desire to accelerate and intensify the transition process dominates. In the explanatory dictionary "Innovation activity", the term "ID" means the transformation of all spheres of the economy and social system on the basis of scientific and technical achievements [4]. Scientific and technical progress plays a crucial role in addressing significant social and economic challenges, such as improving working conditions, reducing the burden on the environment, improving the living standards of the population, and is inseparable from the achievements of innovation activities.

According to Rosstat, the main indicators of innovation activity are as follows:. Rosstat annually carries out work on systematization of data about science, innovations, formation of indicators of efficiency of the Russian economy, including the index of labor productivity in the main sectors of the economy and regions of the Russian Federation, the share of high-tech and science-intensive sectors of the economy in GDP and GRP, and others.

Annually, data are collected on the organizations number, type, sector of activity that carry out scientific research and development, on the number of personnel deployed in research, financing of science from the federal budget, types and volumes of internal expenditures distributed among the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, types of economic activities, priority areas and socio-economic goals.

According to Rosstat data for , the innovation activity of organizations is estimated at 8. Table 1. Funding science from the federal budget amounted to The data presented in Table 1 over the last few years testifies to a constant increase in the amount of funding, as well as changes in the share of funding for scientific research and development from the federal budget. Under the conditions of domestic crisis phenomena that occurred in , the size of this value had the minimum value — The current amount of funding of scientific and technical activities does not allow to provide a breakthrough necessary to bring the Russian economy out of stagnation for further growth.

According to S. Glazev's report presented at the Moscow Academic Economic Forum MAEF , according to the international assessment of the ratio of domestic spending on research and development in Russia and the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Russia ranks 21 st with a figure of 1.

The Israeli experience of commercialization of scientific developments deserves special attention. An integrated approach to the development of innovations in Israel has made it possible to take one of the first places in the world in terms of attractiveness for the implementation of developments, startups and projects at the stage of growth. Obtaining such an assessment in Russia is not possible because of the lack of relevant source data, according to some experts this indicator is close to zero.

The main figures indicators of ID programmes in the Recommendations are grouped as follows:. Obtaining data on the recommended indicators allows us to quantify the result of the implementation of recognized in the market specific innovative developments that can generate cash flow from sales. In this case, the evaluation parameters are the results in the form of intellectual property rights utility model patents, inventions, etc. At the same time, it is possible to assess the economic efficiency of a patent for which royalties are not paid only by experts.

Thus, the need to develop tools to encourage companies to increase their spending on ID becomes particularly important. Today, when assessing the internal current costs of research and development, the article "Other material costs" takes into account the cost of purchased raw materials, materials, components, semi-finished products, fuel, energy, works and services of production character and others [5].

At the same time, the costs of purchase of imported and domestic material values are not allocated. Expenses for payment for works and services of co-executing companies are not separately reflected, the status of residence is not taken into account. Recommendations prescribe that when creating an innovation management system, one should take into account the need to significantly expand the implementation of research and development results by companies in the domestic sector of knowledge generation and higher education [8].

At the same time, it is impossible to track the implementation of this provision due to the lack of benchmarks and insufficient data collection provided by Rosstat.

Costs of scientific research, as well as the initiation and creation of innovations to accelerate the development of the company's activities, organized by the resident company or carried out by Russian scientific organizations, affect the national economy, ensuring its development through the implementation of the results of scientific developments.

Salaries are paid to researchers, scientists, engineers and specialists involved in development, overheads are covered, materials and equipment are purchased for work, and taxes are accrued.

In addition, travel, service and transportation costs, communication fees, etc. It is proposed to use the indicator of innovation support of the national economy ISNE for the universal assessment of the impact of expenditures on the national economy on the ID.

The issue of calculating this indicator is disputable. The proposed author's approach can be improved in the course of the expert community's discussion of calculation options.

It is proposed that the costs of a company that is independently developing or involving the domestic knowledge generation and higher education sector be considered relevant for the calculation:. All other costs, even taking into account the likely significant share in the total volume, are not considered relevant at this stage.

The list of selected cost items with the order of calculation of their impact on the generalized indicator of the ISNE is shown in Table 2. Table 2. The obtained digital value characterizes the level of expenses for obtaining a new product, service, process, which differ from the existing ones in order to increase the efficiency of activity.

At the second stage of calculations it is necessary to take into account the degree of implementation of the results obtained in the course of scientific works. This is proposed to be done with the help of an implementation factor:. By multiplying the value reflecting the level of expenditure within the national economy and the implementation factor, we obtain the IPNE index, which allows comparing companies of different types of activities and with different scale of innovative development and its productivity.

The indicator can be calculated for individual companies, industries, regions and countries, provided that the necessary initial data are available.

For companies that make significant investments in scientific, technical and innovative development, the increase of this indicator may become an additional incentive, it will allow to pay close attention to the existing potential of the Russian science, to preserve and increase the number of scientific schools, to maintain the high quality of developments, to increase their effectiveness.

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Authors: Sokolova I. These expenses are for: salaries, considering premium; procurement of national equipment and materials; paying for work carried out and services rendered by contracted companies. Keywords innovative development , assessment of results of scientific research and engineering activities , index of innovation support for the national economy. METHODS Today, companies that are undertaking developments for the purpose of improvement of their business, increase of their competitiveness, enhancement or maintenance of their market share, and entry into new markets are seeking innovative development ID , are faced with the challenge of assessing the cost effectiveness of such developments.

According to Rosstat, the main indicators of innovation activity are as follows: innovation activity of organizations; the specific share of organizations engaged in technical innovation in the total number of companies being evaluated; data about shipped goods of own production, including innovative goods, works and services; costs of technical innovations; the specific share of technical innovation costs in the total volume of goods, works and services delivered; the specific share of organizations engaged in innovation organizational, marketing, environmental in the total number of evaluated organizations [1] [5].

About the authors Iana V. Sokolova Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University Author for correspondence. Transformatsiya mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniy v usloviyakh smeny tekhnologicheskikh ukladov.

Tolkovyy slovar' russkogo yazyka. In Russ. Accessed April, 10, ]. Hi-tech v Izraile: industriya startapov. This website uses cookies You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. About Cookies. Remember me. Forgot password? Financing of science from federal budget 1 , million rubles.

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Definition Annual teaching or examination period during which students attend courses or take final examinations, not taking minor breaks into account. It may be shorter than 12 months, but would typically not be shorter than 9 months. It may vary for different levels of education or types of educational institutions within a country. This is also referred to as the school year, mainly for the pre-tertiary level. Adjusted net attendance rate.

Чтобы начать процедуру оспаривания договора дарения, нужно собрать доказательную базу, изучить законодательство и составить исковое заявление. Репутация и опыт играют первостепенную роль. Рассмотрев апелляционную жалобу истца Лаврентьева Николая Петровича на определение мирового судьи от 19.

Если все сделать верно, то в следующей квитанции будет указан полагающийся вычет. Поэтому необходимо заранее позаботиться об оформлении личного кабинета. Военный билет со штампом. Он не разделяет мелочность интересов, эгоизм, лицемерие его представителей. В каждом отдельно взятом регионе перечень бесплатных лекарств детям до 3 лет отличается от введенных в силу в других частях государства. Визиры - ремонт, юстировка.

Приставы при попытке проникновения в квартиру для оформления актов об имуществе, наложения ареста и его передачи на сохранение, сталкиваются с различными проблемами. Процедура включает в себя : Написание заявления лицом, желающим оформить перерыв в работе в связи с уходом за малышом - пример до 1. На оперативном управление лежит необходимость работать со всей документацие й. В случае если срок действия обстоятельств непреодолимой силы превышает месяцев, каждая из Сторон имеет право расторгнуть настоящий Договор. Каждый участок должен иметь подъезд и проход к основной дороге. Можно ли получить паспорт раньше 14 лет.

Калининградской, Архангельской областей, изолированных от ЕЭС России Вопросы транспортного сообщения заранее прорабатываются с акцентом на Федерации, характеризуется значительным числом налогов и часто \snext11 \ssemihidden \sunhideused Normal Table;}{ \s15\ql.

Зачем нужна домовая книга. В связи с этими изменениями, разрешение на строительство заменили уведомлением о начале строительства. Или введите реквизиты работодателя и данные за каждый месяц из бумажной справки, которую получили в бухгалтерии.

Поступить на подготовительное отделение и затем попасть на обучение по отдельному конкурсу. Какая надбавка за выслугу лет государственным гражданским служащим в 2019 году. С тех пор были выпущены тысячи карт, каждая из которых имеет неповторимый идентификационный номер. Претензию оформите в двух экземплярах - один экземпляр остается у продавца, а на втором проставляется отметка о приеме и возвращается. Если заявитель проходил обучение не в русскоговорящих странах (Россия, Белоруссия), потребуется пройти тест на знание русского языка. Закон о пени за коммунальные услуги.

Фотография беременной мною мамы, скрытая от постороннего взгляда монитором, всегда придавала мне, работающей сверхурочно после окончания официального рабочего дня, силы. Стратегическое планирование работы компании. Лучше всего заняться выпечкой больших тортов на заказ.

Регламентом предусмотрен перечень отказа в приеме документов и в выдаче разрешения на ввод. Хотя бы этот факт может являться достаточно причиной для того, чтобы все оформить заранее. На днях дадут письменный отказ, стоит ли мне идти в суд. Крышка сливного отверстия после демонтажа подлежит очистке, с нее надо удалить все продукты износа и следы грязи. Довод предназначается для поддержки тезиса аргументации - утверждения, которое аргументирующая сторона находит нужным внушить аудитории, сделать составной частью ее убеждений. Интернет-магазины обязаны возвратить средства при получении изделия в течение 15 дней.

Для человека важно, чтобы общая продолжительность времени нерабочих перерывов без сохранения заработка за год не превышала двух недель, потому что только этот период засчитывается в трудовой стаж (например, этот показатель используется для определения права на ежегодный основной оплачиваемый отдых). Отпуск на родину домой на определенный период времени. Эта группировка включает издание газет, журналов, прочей периодики и книг Эта группировка не включает издание программных средств, см.

ВИДЕО ПО ТЕМЕ: ТРАНСПОРТНЫЙ НАЛОГ (2019). ОТМЕНЯТ ИЛИ НЕТ?
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